Chemistry

Alcohol (continued)


Classification

Alcohols can be classified in two ways:

- according to the position of the hydroxyl
- according to hydroxyl number

Follow the explanations below for each of them.

Hydroxyl position

Primary alcohol - has the primary carbon-linked hydroxyl.

Secondary alcohol - has secondary carbon-linked hydroxyl.

Tertiary alcohol - has tertiary carbon-linked hydroxyl.

Hydroxyl Number

- Monoalcohol - alcohol containing a hydroxyl.

- Alcohol or diol - alcohol containing two hydroxyls.

- Tri-alcohol or triols - alcohol containing three hydroxyls.