Chemistry

Heisenberg


Werner Karl Heisenber was born on December 5, 1901 in the city of Würzburg, Germany. He was a famous Nobel Prize-winning physicist.

He started his physics course in 1920 in Munich. During a congress in Copenhagen, by Niels Bohr, Heisenberg expounded his ideas on Quantum Mechanics and from there, he became close friends with Bohr.

In 1919, he formulated the Uncertainty Principle. For him it is impossible to know at the same time the certainty of the position and velocity of a particle. The higher the accuracy with which one is known, the lower the accuracy with which the other can be known.

In 1923, Heisenberg became a doctor from the University of Munich. He was one of the founders of Quantum Mechanics. He was head of the Nazi Germany nuclear power program. He became assistant to Max Born in 1924 at the Göttingen University Center. He then moved to Copenhagen, where he worked with Niels Bohr. He developed matrix mechanics the following year.

In 1927, he began teaching physics at the University of Leipzig, where he set out the Uncertainty Principle. He received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1932 for the creation of Quantum Mechanics.

From 1942 to 1945 he directed the Max Planck Institute in Berlin. He worked with Otto Hahn, one of the discoverers of nuclear fission, on the design of a nuclear reactor during World War II. Heisenber struggled not to use nuclear energy for war purposes.

He organized and directed the Göttingen Institute of Physics and Astrophysics. The institute moved to Munich in 1958 and Heisenberg began his study of elementary particle theory. He found out about the structure of the atomic nucleus, hydrodynamics of cosmic ray turbulence and ferromagnetism.

Some physicists of the time, such as Albert Einsten rejected his theory because they went against the principles of classical physics, Newtonian physics. The truth is that Heisenberg opened a new field, not only for physics, but for knowledge.

Heisenberg died on February 1, 1976 in Munich, Germany.